is a an evergreen tree commonly found in the forests of Western Ghats,
from Konkan to Kerala and the Shola forests of Nilgiris.
is a small or medium-sized tree with rounded crown and horizontal
or drooping branches. The leaves are dark green, shining, elliptic
obovate, 5 -12.5 cm long and 2-8 cm broad. Its fruits are ovoid (5
cm dia), yellow or red when ripe, with 6 - 8 grooves and contain 6-8
seeds surrounded by a succulent aril. The tree flowers during the
hot season and fruits ripen during the rains.
contains tartaric acid (10.6 %) , glucose (15%) and phosphoric acid
(1.5%). The seeds of cambodge yield 31 % of edible fat resembling
dried rind of cambodge is used as a condiment of flavouring curries
in Kerala. In Sri Lanka, the fruits are picked under-ripe, the thick
pericarp cut into sections, dried in the sun and preserved for future
medicinal and other use
is used along with salt in the curing of fish. It is rich in acids
and possess marked antiseptic properties. The dried rind is also used
for polishing gold and silver and as a substitute for acetic and formic
acids in the coagulation of latex. An yellow, translucent resin from
the tree is soluble in turpentine and gives an yellow varnish. A decoction
of the fruit rind is given in rheumatism and bowel complaints. It
is also used as a rinse for some veterinary diseases.