Suguna (Turmeric)
Year of Release 1991
Pedigree A selection from the germplasm (PCT-13) collected from Andhra Pradesh
Areas of Adoption Kerala and Andhra Pradesh
Crop Duration 190 days
Yield 29.3 tonnes of fresh rhizomes/ha
Potential yield 60.3 tonnes of fresh rhizomes/ha
Quality Attribute   suguna
Curcumin 4.9%
Oleoresin 13.5%
Essential oil 6.0%
Morphological Characters  
Colour of aerial shoot Green
Plant height (cm) 107
Leaf length/breadth (cm) 46/12.3
No. of tillers per clump 1.9
No. of leaves per clump 12.8
Yield of rhizomes/clump(g) 529
No. of mother rhizomes 1.8
Wt. of mother rhizomes (g) 15
No. of primaries 9.3
Wt. of primaries (g) 210
No. of secondaries (g) 26.4
Wt. of secondaries (g) 337
Colour of rhizomes Orange
Dry recovery % 20.4
Reaction to major pests and diseases
Rhizome rot (Pythium graminicolum) Moderately tolerant
Leaf blotch (Taphrina maculans) Moderately tolerant
Special characteristics  

A short duration variety with thick & plumpy rhizomes and high yield potential. Field tolerant to rhizome rot.

Specific recommendations  

Recommended package of practices of IISR/SAUs are to be followed.


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