IISR-Vijetha - 1 (Small Cardamom)
 
Plant type Malabar
Year of Release 2001
Pedigree A selection from field resistant plants for Katte.
Areas of Adoption Cardamom growing areas of Karnataka and Wynad
Maturity Group 105 days from flowering
Yield 643 kg dry capsules/ha
Potential yield 979 kg dry capsules/ha
   
Quality Attribute  
IISR-Vijetha
Essential oil 7.9%
Dry recovery 22%
Terpenyl acetate 23.4%
1.8-Cineole 44.9%
   
Morphological Characters  
Colour of aerial shoot Green
Plant height (cm) 172
Leaf length/breadth (cm) 61/11
No. of tillers per clump 36
No. of panicles per clump 34
No. of flowers per panicle 99
   
Reaction to major pests and diseases
Thrips (Sciothrips cardamom) Field Tolerant
Shoot/panicle/capsule borer (Conogethes puncitferalis) Field Tolerant
Katte disease (Katte virus) Resistant
   
Special characteristics  

Virus resistant selectiom with 77 % bold(7.2 mm) capsules and good apperance.

   
Specific recommendations  
Recommended for moderte to high shaded mosaic infested areas where malabar types are growed.

 


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