Panchami (Black Pepper)  
Year of Release 1991
Pedigree Selection from Aimpiriyan (Coll.856)
Areas of Adoption All pepper growing tracts of Kerala and Karnataka
Maturity Group Late
Yield 2828 kg dry pepper/ha
Potential yield 6528 kg dry pepper/ha
Quality Attribute   panchami
Piperine 4.7%
Oleoresin 12.5%
Essential oil 3.4%
Morphological Characters  
Leaf length/breadth (cm) 14.5/8.5
Leaf shape Ovate
Spike length(cm) 11.2
Spike composition  
Bisexual % 95.5
Female % 4.0
Male % 0.5
Friut Set % 82
No. of fruits per spike 84
1000 fruit volume (cc) 108
1000 fruit weight (g) 107
Yield per vine 5.2 kg green pepper
Dry recovery % 34
Special characteristics  
A high yielding variety with excellent fruit set. Spike twisted in appearance due to high fruit set. Oleoresin content is high.
Specific recommendations  
Use only clonal planting material. Strict plant protection measures recommended. May not be suitable for drought prone areas. The package of practices recommended by IISR are to be followed.


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