Subhakara (Black Pepper)
Year of Release 1990
Pedigree Selection from Karimunda (KS 27)
Areas of Adoption All pepper growing tracts of Kerala and Southern Karnataka
Maturity Group Medium
Yield 2352 kg dry pepper/ha
Potential yield 4487 kg dry pepper/ha
Quality Attribute  
Piperine 3.4%
Oleoresin 12.4%
Essential oil 6.0%
Morphological Characters  
Leaf length/breadth (cm) 12.3/6.5
Leaf shape Ovate
Spike length(cm) 7.7
Spike composition  
Bisexual % 99.0
Female % 0.5
Male % 0.5
Friut Set % 68
No. of fruits per spike 63
1000 fruit volume (cc) 100
1000 fruit weight (g) 103
Yield per vine 4.2 kg green pepper
Dry recovery % 35.5
Special characteristics  
A selection with high quality pepper and wider adaptability.
Specific recommendations  
Use only clonal planting material. The package of practices recommended by IISR are to be followed.


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